Humans are not, as much as we love to deny, very good or innately capable of logical or rational thought. I have been trying for some time to get the following two concepts written out in a way that I find effective and accurate. This post will be updated, edited, and eventually refined. But enough blithering; below is a mix of what I could find in articles and books from intersecting subjects, and my own thoughts. As a note, some define these totally differently, but clearly, I disagree.
We don’t know, are ignorant of, or are unaware of things due to social, cultural,economic, temporal, or spatial differences. This is subject to the over-arching sociocultural norms, institutions, local variation,exposure, and experience. These are the things we don’t know unless we put time, effort, energy, and thought into discovering, learning,and contemplating them. Outside of what seems normal or natural due to previous experiences and the dominant narrative, its norms and themes. So our awareness of reality through historical,sociocultural, media, and experiential context is by nature incomplete. This is not a moral judgment, but a simple recognition that what we believe, come to know, and make decisions upon, is filled with ignorance, malinformation, and misinformation.
The recognition that humans are not very rational by their very mental and emotional architecture. We all are subject to a series of genetic,developmental, sociocultural, and psychological thinking errors. It is possible to reduce the incidence and appeal of irrational or illogical thoughts; however, it is first necessary to acknowledge and adapt how we as individuals and as humans in general tend toward the irrational and illogical. There are so many constraints on our ability to be logical that this treatise will focus on the ones the author subjectively believes play the largest part in these processes and errors. These include social and cognitive biases, neural development, general tendencies, and both formal and informal fallacies. Humans were and are not designed for objective, logical,and rational thought; but, with rigorous daily efforts, some basic tools, and background base knowledge, it is possible for us to overcome, to a greater or lesser extent, our incomplete and bounded rationality.